Learning Management System 4.0
A learning management system (LMS) 4.0, also called an advanced learning management system, refers to the further development of traditional LMSs.
The history of learning management system development can generally be broken down as follows:
- Learning management system (LMS) 1.0: Even before the computer age, so-called ‘learning machines’ or ‘learning platforms’ existed. In 1924, Sidney Pressey developed the first ‘learning machine’ which was able to ask students multiple-choice questions.
- Learning management system (LMS) 2.0: With the introduction of PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) as the first computer-based learning program, the digital age of LMS began. PLATO was developed at the University of Illinois and allowed students and lecturers from schools and universities to access teaching materials electronically.
- Learning management system (LMS) 3.0: Numerous open source, Internet-based LMSs such as ILIAS (1997), OLAT (1999) or Moodle (2001) were developed around the turn of the millennium. These applications focused on the provision of learning content such as texts, files or links.
- Learning management system (LMS) 4.0: With the advance of new IT technologies and development tools, a new generation of LMS emerged around 2015. These LMSs focus on social learning, mobile learning and maximising usability. Furthermore, these systems provide multi-device and cross platform functionality as well as cloud-based document management systems (DMS).